me your horse and I will show you who you are. ~ English Proverb
Ranch calls: Must schedule 1-2 weeks in advance
Vaccinations & worming
Castration (weather permitting; dry, above 50°)
Coggins & health certificates
Dental care: Floats, extractions, etc.
Equine Acupuncture (for pain, injury, arthritis) Chiropractic Work - Dr Sid
G Erickson, DVM of Helena MT monthly referral mobile clinics
Pre-purchase & soundness exams
(NOT AVAILABLE to client-owned horses due to conflict-of-interest
AI (breeding mares with chilled or frozen semen)
Ultrasound (pregnancy & diagnostics)
Sick & injured horses, wounds
Colic (colic surgery is referred)
Stalls with cameras
Rain & vaccinations: Wet animals should not be injected.
Cold: A horse under anesthesia cannot regulate body temperature
normally... castrations should be sceduled on dry days at
temps from 50° to 80°
Mark Anderson, VT.,
Read more information below. We offer EIA "Coggins"
testing for traveling horses using the ELISA test. We
are equipped to perform this test twice a day M-F. Mail
your horse's blood tubes (must be drawn by a Veterinarian
and accompanied with signed coggins form) to us, and we
can fax your coggins results to your veterinarian by the
next (business) day after we receive it.
Our Coggins test schedule:
ELISA Test batches are regularly scheduled to run Mon-Fri
at 11:00 am and 4:00 pm. Results are then available at
12:00 pm and 5:00 pm respectfully.
Local horses coming here for a coggins
test & health: You do need an appointment and must
have your horses here at the clinic for blood to be drawn
at least 30 minutes before the next test batch is scheduled
to run. For example if you want your Coggins & Health
by noon, your horses need to be here by appointment no
later than 10:30 am. The blood must sit and coagulate
before the test is done, and we need enough time after
the test to do a health certificate, and call for entry
and re-entry permits. Thank you!
DO understand that...
just to warn you in advance: If you need Coggins test
results sooner than the next scheduled test batch, during
regular business hours, there will be a rush fee of $20/horse.
Saturdays. (see schedule on homepage).
We do run not normally run Coggins tests on Saturday.
The blood may be drawn on a Saturday (with an appointment)
for the regular fee. But if you need test
results on a Saturday, or outside our
regular business hours, a tech fee of $35/horse will be
assessed along with any applicable emergency-after hour
We want to accommodate all of our clients, and we try
our best to meet your needs. We are a same-day EIA Lab,
and yes we can have Coggins test results in an hour...
but not every hour; we do not keep certified EIA techs
on call waiting to run tests 24/7. So! - save yourself
money & a headache and plan ahead whenever possible!
Thank You for your consideration! We will do our best!
EIA LAB. One business day coggins tests:
More information... For Montana horse owners who need a quick
turnaround on their coggins tests for traveling over state lines,
we offer a one day coggins test service by mail/fax. Your veterinarian
can pull blood from your horse, and overnight it w/ the proper
EIA paperwork to Lockwood EIA Lab in Billings Montana, where we
can run your coggins (ELISA) test and fax the coggins test result
that day or the next business day (followed up with mailing).
As soon as your veterinarian receives the negative coggins report
from us, (he may or may not need to see your horse/s again) he
can fill out your CVI. (Certificate of Veterinary Inspection or,
Health certificate). Your vet will also need to get any other
state entry (import permits) and/or re-entry permits (for round
trips) that you may need for interstate travel.
Most states accept a current (within 12 months) negative coggins
test (Canada, and a few states require it within 6 months, Alaska
requires a 30-day coggins), and with a negative tested dam, a
suckling foal 6 months or younger can accompany her without a
Always contact (call) the State Veterinarian of the state of you
are heading to for current health certification requirements for
the import and export of animals and animal products. The information
on these websites are derived from each State Veterinarian, but
it may not reflect the most current information. Please
check with the appropriate State Veterinarian if you have any
questions concerning the information provided or on the legal
interpretation of the referenced regulations.
Canadian import requirements for horses from the
As you may be aware, Vesicular Stomatitis was confirmed in New
Mexico earlier this summer, and more recently, in Colorado. As
a result, effective August 3, 2012, the Canadian Import Requirements
for horses from the United States have been revised. Please find,
and use the attached revised Certification Statement page (Horses
to Canada-Certification Statements_8-3-12) when issuing export
Health Certificates (VS Form 17-145 or VS Form 17-140) for horses
being exported to Canada (including horses transiting Canada en
route to Alaska).
For additional information regarding current International Animal
Export Regulations for horses being exported to Canada, please
visit the following websites:
or hand-deliver the (unshaken) blood with the properly filled
out & accredited veterinarian-signed coggins form to:
Mark Anderson, Director
Lockwood EIA Lab
3025 Old Hardin Rd
Billings MT 59101
Blood (with correctly filled out coggins forms) received on regular
business days will be ran and results can be faxed back to you
& your veterinarian by the next business day (Monday-Friday,
not including holidays). The cost is $33.50 /test. Payment (check
or MO) must be included or credit card payment can be made over
the phone. At this time we do not use electronic coggins test
forms, but we may in the near future. Email Mark
or staff if you need any further information.
Infectious Anemia. Testing is done via a blood test
commonly called a Coggins test. Some owners consider testing for
equine infectious anemia a nuisance and an unnecessary expense.
In fact, In 2010, there were 47 positive horses and 30 positive
premises for EIA. Montana has had positive cases in 2011 and 2012.
by Jan Phillips
Equine Articles ~ Resources ~ Links
The muscles of the neck
is where you give injections to horses.
photo posted on Facebook by Hammour Cavalier,
The American Assocation of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) recommends all
horses be vaccinated against West Nile virus, Eastern and Western sleeping
sickness, tetanus and rabies. These are called "core vaccines." If you
take your horse around a lot of other horses, vaccines such as influenza,
herpes or strangles may be warranted. These are known as "risk-based"
vaccines. While there is a cost associated with vaccination, preventive
care is much more cost effective than treatment of a disease. Our veterinarians
can help you choose the best vaccination protocol for you and your horse.
Core Vaccine Protection:
West Nile Virus
Eastern and Western Encephalitis
Horse Vaccination Basics (03-01-2011)
Learn how vaccines work, which ones your horse should have, and reactions
to watch out for with Dr. Dale Brown of Rood & Riddle Equine Hospital
in Lexington, Ky. From there, link provided for part 2 on vaccinating
Vaccination Guide (03-03-2011) These AAEP guidelines will
help you make decisions on your foal’s immunizations. This foal
vaccination guide can also be found by going to AAEP.org. By Dr. Thomas
R. Lenz for The American Quarter Horse Journal.
Shots. Mosquito-borne diseases like West Nile can be prevented
by vaccinating in the spring. Protect your horses by getting their spring
shots. By Dr. Kevin Hankins, senior field veterinarian at Pfizer Animal
Health. Any preventative health program should begin with core vaccines,
such as those recommended for every horse in the United States by the
American Association of Equine Practitioners. The organization’s guidelines
state that eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis,
West Nile, tetanus and rabies are considered core vaccines for horses.
Horses in high risk groups, such as those competing and traveling may
benefit from vaccinations against risk-based diseases caused by equine
influenza virus and equine herpes viruses 1 and 4, which can cause serious
respiratory disease. “It’s very important that our horses are properly
vaccinated by a veterinarian with the core vaccines, as well as any
risk immunizations for their local area,” says Dr. Tom Lenz, senior
director of equine veterinary services for Pfizer Animal Health. “In
2010, we saw a rise in mosquito-borne diseases in areas across the county.
Horse owners can help protect their horses now by getting their spring
shots.” Unvaccinated horses can be at serious risk of contracting disease,
whether it is a mosquito-borne disease such as West Nile or eastern
equine encephalitis, or an infectious disease such as influenza. Vaccinations
through a veterinarian help offer the best protection in any preventative
health care program.
Only Hurt a Little. If your horse is properly prepared,
shots can be much less painful – for you and him. By Holly Clanahan
in America’s Horse. This may well be one of veterinarians’ least
favorite things to hear: “My horse is a little needle shy.”
Especially when that warning conjures up images of bodies being kicked
across a stall. And for many horses, who view a vet visit as nothing
short of an attack, it certainly isn’t pleasant for them either.
The good news is, it doesn’t have to be that way. “Five
minutes of preparation can give you a lifetime of easy shots,”
says professional horseman and clinician Brent Graef of Canyon, Texas.
Equine Parasite Control Do's and Don'ts - By Erica Larson,
Equine.com News Editor • Nov 21, 2012. DEWORMING your Horse -
with new research on parasite control and anthelmintic resistance currently
taking place at a rapid rate, equine deworming recommendations are also
A&M Veterinarian Offers Equine Deworming Suggestions
By Agricultural Communications, Texas A&M University System •
Equine.com • Jul 20, 2012. Deworming treatments are a regular
component of horse health maintenance, but some horse owners might not
know the best schedule for their horse. While deworming regimens vary
by region, here are some guidelines for owners to follow as they work
with their veterinarians on a proper deworming schedule. This article
is an excellent, up-to-date and simple overview.
Bots by Lee Townsend, Extension Entomologist, University
of Kentucky College of Agriculture.
The horse sucking louse feeds on blood and the biting louse
feeds on shed skin or scurf and on secretions from the skin. Both types
of lice reproduce throughout the year. However, these pests are most
common during the winter months. Many times you will see one horse in
a bunch that show signs, but they all have it. Even if you don't see
lice deworm them all with ivermectin and dust them all. It is inexpensive,
won't hurt them, and worth a try. You need to do both because it depends
on whether they are sucking or chewing lice which treatment will work.
I find many infections to be mixed. Most livestock supply places will
have lice duster. Farnum makes a pretty good one. I think the main ingredient
is usually a pyrmethrin. ~Dr Jody
Health Articles index page, American Association of Equine
Practitioners (AAEP). Check out this link - great articles and information.
Water Needs. Eleanor Richards, an equine nutrition consultant
in Bulverde, Texas notes, “If a horse isn’t getting enough water in
their system, they’re not going to be able to utilize the nutrients
in their feed. Water is the most important nutrient and probably the
most neglected, too.” The average 1,000-pound horse should consume 5
to 10 gallons a day, depending on his individual constitution and the
temperature of his environment. Eleanor estimates that horses with grueling
exercise schedules can consume 15 to 20 (sometimes 30) gallons a day,
depending on how much they are sweating. Lactating mares must also drink
a large amount of water. The problem is that in many barns, water buckets
may go for a long time without being cleaned out properly, which discourages
water intake and can eventually promote a loss of appetite.
Aside from judging water intake by the number of times you change the
water in the water bucket, there are a couple ways to discern whether
your horse is getting enough water by analyzing his physical condition
– the old “pinching the neck” trick to see how elastic
the skin is the most popular. “You need to do that frequently
so that you know what your horse’s normal skin elasticity is,”
Eleanor says. “If you think your horse is dehydrated and you pinch,
but you don’t have anything to compare it to, then it’s
going to be hard to determine.” Pressing your thumb against your
horse’s gums to monitor capillary refill time (CRT) is another
way: Simply push your finger against the gum, hold it for a second and
then remove it. The gum should be white, but it should fill in within
one or two seconds. If the horse is dehydrated, his capillary refill
time will be slower.
Body Condition Score. This condition scoring system will
help you determine if your mare is in optimum breeding condition. Moderately
fleshy to fat mares cycle earlier in the year, have fewer cycles per
conception, a higher pregnancy rate and maintain pregnancy more easily
than thin mares. A condition score of 5 or less in lactating mares means
they don’t have enough stored fat to support reproduction. Mares
in marginal or poor condition are less likely to breed successfully. For horses in general this is what to look for when assessing
its BCS: Neck. The fat on the neck is a harder fat than on the
rest of the body; and sometimes the neck retains its fat. A fat or very
fat horse will have a cresty neck. A very skinny horse might appear
to have a disproportionately large head and body compared to his neck. Withers. First consider the breed of horse. Thoroughbreds,
for example, have prominent withers. Feel for fat deposits along the
withers, indicating obesity. Shoulder. The area behind the shoulder should be flush,
flat, and even. A bumpy fat pad equals a fat horse; a hollow indicates
a skinny one. Ribs. Visually assess the rib area, then touch it with
your hands. Make allowances for long winter hair, which can obscure
the ribs. You want to be able to feel individual ribs. Loin. Examine the area between the thoracic vertebrae
and the croup (where your saddle blanket would end). Fat horses have
a positive crease (which looks like a valley: two bulges of fat with
the spine running between them). A negative crease, or ridge, is indicative
of a horse with a low score of 2, 3, or 4. A level loin would receive
a 5 or 6. Check to see if you can feel vertebrae at the top of the back/hip
area. Tailhead. This is where the tail inserts into the buttocks.
A fat horse will have fat deposits around its tailhead. A skinny horse
will have a bony, prominent tailhead.
Check Your Horses' Teeth. Maintenance and regular check-ups
are a must. If you ask a horse to back and he rears, it might not be
disobedience; it could be pain, says AQHA Professional Horseman Patti
Carter: “Make sure that your horse has a good dental program.
The teeth are the first thing I check on a horse when he comes to me
for training. If you’re finding resistance to backing, check the
teeth to make sure there are no sharp edges or that the bit fits correctly
or that you’re not asking a young horse to back up with wolf teeth.
Horses go into pressure. If their faces are sore, they will push on
the bit. I have my younger horses’ teeth floated twice a year
and the older horses once a year unless they have problems. Then I’ll
have them done twice, too.”
Equine Chiropractic: The Balancing
Act. We refer to Sid G Erickson, DVM of Helena MT. Dr Erickson
comes out about once a month in good weather and holds chiropractic
appointments here in Billings, Montana. If you have a horse with a mysterious
pain, gait, or unpleasant attitude, it is very possible it needs chiropractic
adjustment. The results are amazing in horses that need chiropractic
care. Dr Erickson also works on dogs.
left: compressed digital cushion in a "low profile" hoof ---
right: healthy digital cushion
Hoof Facebook page, October 29, 2013
Ulcer Diagnosis by Mark DePaolo - This video shows how to detect equine
A horse can go from having no gastric irritation to having ulcers in
as little as 5 days.
Dr. DePaolo's easy do-it-yourself method of palpating acupuncture points
can be a great indication of the presence of painful and debilitating
What's the difference between "Banamine" and "Bute"
- when is one better than the other? Both are indicated for inflamation
and pain. Most horsemen try to keep some of each at all times. Banamine
paste is about twice the cost of Bute per tube. Banamine is preferred
for soft tissue/ internal pain & trauma (colic etc), while Bute
is the drug of choice for muscular and skeletal trauma (pain from injury
etc). They will substitute for each other however with pretty good results.
Prescribed by veterinarians only, use only with veterinarian advice.
Sand Colic Test: Not normally a risk in Montana unless
your equine facilities use sand... But good to know for any who travel.
Mix 5 - 6 fecal balls in a small bucket of water. Let stand for about
1 hour, then pour off the liquid. More than 1 teaspoon of sand in the
bottom of the bucket indicates that your horse may be at risk for sand